The term Trigger Points (TrPs) is often used by therapists to describe localised tender spots that may refer pain to other areas when stimulated. Whilst there seems to be less argument about whether they exist or not there is more about what they might be and there are major issues with being able to find them, perhaps 50/50 at best, and the reproducibility of actually being able to find them, 18%. In fact in 1992 a, admittedly small, blind study was carried out on them using using both those with Myofascial TrP’s and fibromyalgia. Yet the best of the best of Trigger Point specialists including Simons, of Travell and Simons writers of the Trigger Point bible, and 3 others couldn’t find or agree on any where they were given as much time as required to find them.
For myself they were never a good fit in any treatment I was trying to carry out as the treatment of them seemed to be the polar opposite of what I was trying to do otherwise, that is relieve pain not cause more pain. The treatment of TrP’s for most manual therapists seems to revolve around pressing hard on something that is already sore and use the symptoms to help understand what the underlying problem may be and treat that not the symptoms, I’ve always felt that they were symptoms of an issue elsewhere rather than a problem in and of themselves.
There is certainly more evidence to suggest that TrP’s may be a sensitization of the nervous system, possibly centrally. This carries even more weight when you consider that the areas that the referred pain cover are very similar to the path of the peripheral nerves. There is a great short piece over at the HumanAntiGravitySuit giving a couple of lovely diagrams of how the idea of TrP’s may be more about nerves.
So we need to consider that there is more to TrP’s than them simply being points of tenderness in the muscle. That they are actually more likely to related to an irritation of the nervous system, I’m simplifying things here, somewhere between the spinal cord and the nerve endings is a much more plausible and testable hypothesis then we need to think beyond simply pressing on it to make it go away. The treatment should try to encompass the physical and the mental aspects that the patient/client presents with in the same way as we would with any other issue and not simply focus on a single sore spot that you may or may not be able to find every time you look for it. Helping them find ways to move with more efficiently and reconnect them with what good movement feels like.